Nobel Kesehatan 2006

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Dunia Sains dan Ilmu Pengetahuan
Andrew Z Fire (47) dari Departments of Pathology and Genetics Stanford University School of Medicine dan Dr. Craig Mello (45) asal Harvard University dianugerahi Nobel bidang Kedokteran. Penganugerahan diumumkan Komite Nobel di Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Swedia, Senin (2/10). Dua ilmuwan asal Amerika Serikat itu diganjar Nobel karena temuannya mengenai metode pengendalian arus informasi genetik dianggap brilian. Metode ini juga menjadi acuan penelitian untuk mengobati sejumlah penyakit mematikan baik yang berkaitan dengan gen dan virus seperti Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) maupun kanker.


NOBEL KEDOKTERAN 2002
Sydney Brenner (b 1927), Berkeley, CA, USA, established C. elegans as a novel experimental model organism. This provided a unique opportunity to link genetic analysis to cell division, differentiation and organ development – and to follow these processes under the microscope. Brenner's discoveries, carried out in Cambridge, UK, laid the foundation for this year's Prize.

John Sulston (b 1942), Cambridge, England, mapped a cell lineage where every cell division and differentiation could be followed in the development of a tissue in C. elegans. He showed that specific cells undergo programmed cell death as an integral part of the normal differentiation process, and he identified the first mutation of a gene participating in the cell death process.

Robert Horvitz (b 1947), Cambridge, MA, USA, has discovered and characterized key genes controlling cell death in C. elegans. He has shown how these genes interact with each other in the cell death process and that corresponding genes exist in humans.


Peraih Nobel Fisika Tahun 2006
John C Mather dan George F Smoot

Komite Nobel Swedia di Stockholm, Selasa (3/10), kembali memberi penghargaan Nobel kepada John C. Mather (60)dan George F. Smoot (61), ilmuwan asal Amerika Serikat yang berprestasi di bidang Fisika. Mather (60 tahun) adalah peneliti pada Pusat Penerbangan Luar Angkasa atau NASA di Maryland. Sementara George F. Smoot (61 tahun) adalah peneliti pada Laboratorium Nasional Barkeley, California. Komite Nobel Swedia menilai Mather dan Smoot layak menerima Nobel karena karya mereka soal asal mula alam semesta serta obvervasi yang dilakukan, berperan besar dalam perkembangan kosmologi moderen.


NOBEL FISIKA 2004

"for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"

David J. Gross, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California
Santa Barbara, CA, USA, b. 1941



H. David Politzer, California Institute of Technology
Pasadena, CA, USA, b. 1949



Frank Wilczek, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Cambridge, MA, USA, b. 1951




NOBEL FISIKA 2002
Raymond Davis Jr, born 1914 (87 years), in Washington, DC, USA (US citizen). PhD in Chemistry 1942 at Yale University, Connecticut, USA. Professor Emeritus at the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.

Masatoshi Koshiba, born 1926 (76 years), in Toyohashi , Aichi, Japan (Japanese citizen). PhD 1955 at the University of Rochester, New York, USA. Professor Emeritus at the International Center for Elementary Particle Physics, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Riccardo Giacconi, born 1931 (71 years), in Genoa, Italy (US citizen). PhD 1954 at the University of Milan. President of Associated Universities, Inc., Washington, DC, USA.


Perain Nobel Kimia Tahun 2006
Roger D Kornberg

Roger D Kornberg (59), AS, dianugerahi Nobel Kimia atas penelitiannya mengenai proses tranformasi informasi gen dalam pembentukan protein sel. Atau yang lebih dikenal dengan istilah transcription. Kornberg adalah ilmuwan pertama yang berhasil memetakan proses transkripsi. Penelitian Kornberg mengenai transformasi informasi gen dinilai sangat bermanfaat bagi penelitian di bidang kesehatan. Kesalahan dalam memahami sistem transformasi dapat mengakibatkan sejumlah penyakit bawaan seperti kanker dan kelainan jantung.


NOBEL KIMIA 2002
John B. Fenn, born 1917 (85 years) in New York City, USA (US citizen). PhD in Chemistry 1940 and Professor Emeritus 1987 at Yale University, Connecticut, USA. Since 1994 Research Professor at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA. www.has.vcu.edu/che/people/fenn.html

Koichi Tanaka, born 1959 (43 years) in Toyama City, Japan (Japanese citizen). B. Eng at Tohoku University, Japan. R&D Engineer at Shimadzu Corp., Kyoto, Japan.
www.shimadzu.com

Kurt Wüthrich, born 1938 (64 years) in Aarberg, Switzerland (Swiss citizen). PhD in Inorganic chemistry 1964 at the University of Basel, Switzerland. Professor in Biophysics at ETH Zürich, Switzerland and Visiting Professor at the Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA.
www.mol.biol.ethz.ch/wuthrich

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